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Languedoc-Roussillon Water

Spring Water (drinking)

Perrier Water. Perrier is a brand of bottled mineral water made from a spring in Vergèze in the Gard département of the Languedoc-Roussillon. Perrier is naturally carbonated and Perrier claims that the level of carbonation in every bottle of Perrier is the same as the water of the Vergèze spring.

Perrier is available in Europe in bottles of one litre, 500 ml, and 330 ml cans. All Perrier bottles are green and have an instantly recognizable shape. It is one of the most common bottled waters in France.

Perrier now exists in three flavours: unflavoured, flavoured with lemon, and flavoured with lime.

The spring the water comes from, called Les Bouillens, was bought in 1898 by a local doctor named Louis Perrier who operated a spa. He later sold it to Sir St. John Harmsworth, brother of Lord Northcliffe, proprietor of the Daily Mail in the UK, who had been sent to France to learn French. St John cashed in his shares in the Daily Mail to buy the spring. Abandoning the spa treatment he renamed it Source Perrier and started bottling it in green bottles shaped like the Indian clubs he used for exercise.

Sir St John marketed the product in the UK as a chic product among the middle classes. It was advertised as the champagne of Mineral Water. (There was a genuine champagne by the name of Perrier but with no connection). He advertised in newspapers with broad appeal like the Daily Mail and successfully established the brand. Some 95% of sales were to the UK and USA.

Perrier's reputation for purity suffered in 1990 when a North Carolina study reported having found benzene in the water. This led to the recall of 160 million bottles of Perrier water.

From 2002, new varieties have been introduced in France: Eau de Perrier (less carbonated than the original one, in a blue bottle) and Perrier Fluo, with fashioable tastes such as ginger-cherry, peppermint, orange-litchi, raspberry and ginger-lemon.

 
pH  
5.46
Calcium (Ca)
147.3
Chloride (Cl-)
21.5
Bicarbonate (HCO3)
390
Floride (Fl)
0.12
Magnesium (Mg)
3.4
Nitrate (NO3)
18
Potassium (K)
0.6
Sodium (Na)
9
Sulphates (SO)
33
TDS  
475

Alet Water. Natural spring water is bottled and sold at Alet-les-Bains. Click here for more about Alet-les-Bains Next.

Other Springs and Spas. There are numerous other natural Springs and Spas in the Languedoc-Roussillon, including La Chaldette, Sainte-Odile d'Avène, Avene les Bains, Le Boulou, La Preste les Bains, Balaruc les Bains, Moltig les Bains, Vernet les Bains, Bagnols les Bains, Lamalou les Bains, Rennes-les-Bains, Amélie les Bains, Allegre les Fumades, Bains de Saint Thomas, Bains de Dorres and Bains de Llo. Some of these spas date from Roman times. Click here for more about these springs and spas Next.

 

 

Rainfall

Although the summers tend to be dry, the Languedoc-Roussillon can have wet springs and autumns. In the Middle Ages the long hot dry summers were responsible for a number of successful castle sieges, including Carcassonne (1209), Minerve (1210), Termes (1210) and Beaucaire (1216).

Click on the following link for more on rainfall in the Languedoc Next: More about the Rhône.

A number of rivers rise just outside the region - either in the Pyrenees or the Massif Central.

 

 

Rivers

Below are some of the principle rivers in the Languedoc-Roussillon:

Click on the following link for information on the River Rhône Next: More about the Rhône.
Click on the following link for information on the River Aude Next: More about the river Aude
Click on the following link for information on the River Gard (or Gardon) Next: More about the river Gard
Click on the following link for information on the River Hérault Next: More about the river Hérault
Click on the following link for information on the River Têt Next: More about the river Têt
Click on the following link for information on the River Tech Next: More about the river Tech
Click on the following link for information on the River Orb Next: More about the river Orb
Click on the following link for information on the River Vidourle Next: More about the river Vidourle

Many of the rivers rising in the Pyrenees are used to generate hydroelectric power.

The Canal du Midi enters the Mediterranean at the port of Séte in the Languedoc-Roussillon. Completed in 1666 the canal is still an astonishing piece of engineering and now a world heritage site.

 

 

Fresh Water Lakes

Click on the following link for information on Fresh Water Lakes Next: More about fresh water lakes in the Languedoc-Roussillon

 

 

Salt Water Lakes (Étangs) & Salt Works

The coast of the Languedoc is littered with salt water lakes and marshlands., most notably in and around the Camargue.

Click on the following link for information on the Etangs (Salt Water Lakes) Next: More about salt water lakes in the Languedoc-Roussillon

 

 

The Gulf of Lyon and the Mediterranean Sea

Naturism.The coast of the Languedoc-Roussillon borders the Gulf of Lyon, part of the Mediterranean Sea.

The coastline is spectacular with numerous popular beaches including a number of Naturist Beaches

Rivers that empty into the gulf include the Tech, Têt, Aude, Orb, Hérault, Vidourle, and Rhône.

 

 

Water Sports

Sea-water jousting (Joutes Nautiques), still practised in the Languedoc at Sète, Agde, Béziers and other towns, was first recorded in ancient Egypt.

Beach and water sports include SCUBA diving, sailing, water skiing, canoeing& kayaking, wind surfing, kitesurfing, and sand yachting.  There is also sea fishing for tourists along the coast of the Languedoc.

 

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Map.
The Gulf of Lyon and the Mediterranean Sea